Coastal Marine Environments of the MR El Pelado, Santa Elena, Ecuador

Ambientes Marino-Costeros de la RM El Pelado, Santa Elena, Ecuador
  This work is supported by SENESCYT through the project: "Characterization of the microbial and invertebrate biodiversity in the marine Marine Protect Area El Pelado including taxonomic, metabolomics and metagenomics scales, for use in human and animal health (PIC-14-CENAIM-001)" and the Prometheus Program

 

 

 

Start
 

 

Areas

 

 

Substrate - Habitat Types

 

 

Organisms
 
 
Areas Substrate-Habitat Types

Balanus Zone

Approximate depth: 2 - 10 m
Terrain: rocky base, structurally homogenous, low rugosity.
Benthos: encrusting coralline algae and balanomorph barnacles. The long spined urchin Diadema is the most conspicuous invertebrate albeit its distribution is patchy.

Turf Zone


Approximate depth: 8 - 15 m
Terrain: rocky base, structurally homogenous, low rugosity.
Benthos: filamentous turf algae with accumulations of sediment. No conspicuous invertebrates characterize the sea scape within this zone.

   

Pocillopora Zone


Approximate depth: 5 - 13 m
Terrain: rocky base, structurally complex, moderate rugosity.
Benthos: encrusting coralline algae. Pocillopora spp. are most conspicuous sessile invertebrates and contribute to coral rubble deposits.

Muricea Zone


Approximate depth: 10 - 30m
Terrain: rocky base, structurally complex, high rugosity.
Benthos: encrusting corallinacea. Muricea spp. are most conspicuous sessile invertebrates.

   

Zoantharia Zone


Approximate depth: 1 - 8 m
Terrain: rocky base, structurally complex, high rugosity.
Benthos: encrusting Zoantharia and Actinaria are the most conspicuous sessile invertebrates.

Sandy Habitats (shallow)


Approximate depth: 1 - 5 m
Terrain: sediment, structurally homogenous, low rugosity.
Benthos: no epibenthic invertebrates or macro algae are present. Sediments are compose of calcareous skeletons of invertebrates and terrigenous inputs, and are much finer than at EPP .